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Basic Firearms Safety Guide

GunBuyer

This thread includes a basic/beginner safety guide in order to operate safely semiautomatic pistols and virtually any other firearms.

CAUTION: Be sure that all firearms are unloaded and safe before starting the class/training. I am not responsible for negligence caused accidents. Be aware that any negligence that includes firearms can result in injury or death

This guide is intended for educational purposes only. The developer of this guide is not responsible for any fraudulent or illegal actions made by the end user of this product. The end user accepts the conditions above reading this file and releases from liability the developer of the product.


FIREARMS SAFTEY

This guide will treat firearms safety at a basic level mainly related to handguns, every safety rule and procedure can be applied to any kind of weapon after you learn mechanics and functioning of the specific firearm you are using.

FIREAMS FUNDAMENTAL RULES

The most important rules that you have always to keep in mind and on which you must build your shooting skills.

1. TREAT ALL FIREARMS AS IF THEY WERE LOADED
2. ALWAY KEEP YOUR FIREARM POINTED TO A SAFE DIRECTION
3. KEEP YOUR FINGER OUTSIDE THE GUARD AND OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOU ARE READY TO FIRE
4. KNOW YOUR TARGET AND WHAT'S BEHIND IT


  • Consider your firearms loaded and you will treat them with the maximum level of attention.
  • Be aware of the direction in which the muzzle points.
  • Learn to build a mechanical memory that allows you to keep your finger outside the trigger guard subconsciously
  • Be conscious of the material of your target and what is beyond.
BASIC HANDGUN OPERATIONS

CAUTION: Be sure that all firearms are unloaded and safe before starting the training.

LOADING/ UNLOADING THE WEAPON

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Always keep your trigger finger out of the trigger guard. For safety reasons do a tactile test of the magazine site and verify that it's empty.

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Rack the slide back and lock it to the rear using the slide lock lever.

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Look into the chamber and make sure that it's empty

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Do a tactile check of the chamber to verify that it's empty.

LOADING THE WEAPON

Handgun Training.png
Grab the full magazine (use dummy rounds for training) with index finger pointing the upper front of the mag.

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Slide the mag in and tap with energy the mag floorplate.

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Use the slide-lock lever to rack the slide and chamber the round. (for duty/range, strip out the mag, add another round and insert the mag after this step)

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Press check: grab the slide as shown in the figure (NOT IN FRONT OF THE MUZZLE).

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Pull back the slide slightly to open the chamber and visually inspect the loaded chamber. Release and tap the back of the slide to be sure that the gun is in battery. (the gun will not fire if the slide is not perfectly closed).
 
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sigma

New member
DRAW FROM HOLSTER

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Apply master grip to the grip keeping the trigger finger placed high off from the trigger guard position.

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SAFETY PROCEDURE: Anchor your support hand close to your body.

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Point the muzzle down range in the target direction as soon as the gun is out from holster. From this position, set up your aiming position.

RE-HOLSTERING

The re-holstering procedure is the inverse of the drawing procedure, DO NOT rush the re-holstering, look inside the holster keeping the finger out of the trigger and slowly insert the gun in the holster. Be sure that no external object interfere with the internal of the holster.

WEAPON MAINTENANCE

Firearms safety includes a good weapon maintenance, keeping the firearm in perfect conditions will guarantee that no malfunction will happen because of the weapon conditions. Cleaning the gun allows the user to inspect various details of the internals always knowing the condition of the weapon. If the user is not practical with weapon cleaning and weapon disassemble a periodical check to a reliable gunsmith is required.

REVOLVERS SAFETY

Revolvers are very similar in safety handling to striker fired pistols that have no external safety. There some differences in functioning and safety handling that you want to keep min mind.

Revolvers present an external hammer, no magazine, they can be single or double action:

With single action revolvers the hammer needs to be manually cocked in order to fire.

With double action revolvers a single trigger pull will pull back the hammer in the cocked position, index the cylinder to the next round and release the hammer firing the round.

It is possible, for safety precaution, to carry a revolver with an empty chamber, so when the hammer is resting it is not in contact with the primer.

Carry a revolver is much like carrying any other hammer fired pistol with no safety engaged. Safety rules are valid for revolvers as well as they are for other handguns.


LONG WEAPONS

Usually with long weapons (AR platforms, shotguns ecc...) the muzzle awareness is easier but not obvious, make sure to follow every safety rule. Know every time the conditions of the weapons, with AR's you can perform press checks as well as with handguns pulling slightly the charging handle.

Keep in mind that shotguns need to be stored in a secure and firm stand, rack, case, especially if loaded. Shotguns (depending on the model) can go off if dropped to the ground.

Shotgun condition awareness:

Make sure the gun is on safety.

Perform a magazine tube check inserting your thumb into the loading port of the shotgun, if it's loaded you can feel or see the round. You can press check a shotgun pulling slightly the pump action or the charging handle (semi-auto shotguns).

It's a good habit, if stored uncharged, to store the shotgun with a open chamber, so you can immediately see that the gun is empty. You can use a chamber flag device.

Be aware of muzzle obstructions (do not ever look directly inside the barrel, always follow safety rules). You can use a cleaning rod to check the barrel.


HOLSTER

The most important piece of equipment when carrying a firearm whether you are carrying the weapon concealed or not, is the holster. Do not skimp on a holster, its function is to prevent accidental discharges keeping the trigger guard completely covered and holding firmly the gun in place on your belt. The most important things to keep in mind when choosing a holster are:

• Materials quality
• Linking system (how the holster is attached to the belt)
• Trigger guard covering (the trigger guard must me completely covered)
• Stiffness
• Retention level

Keep in mind that leather holsters can get loose over time, if the holster becomes too loose you need a new holster, the leather could get caught into the trigger guard and pull the trigger causing accidental discharges.


MAGAZINE CARRIERS

The market offers a great variety of magazine carriers. The most important things to keep in mind are:

Material: you can choose soft carriers, easier to store and usually lighter than polymer/plastic carriers. Soft carriers are not ideal to perform sport shooting, tactical reloads and they do not perform consistently.

Hard shell carriers (polymer and plastic) can assist better during tactical reloads and in general they offer consistency. It is important to select high quality carriers, poor material quality often result in ruptures of the carriers.

Hybrid carriers are an interesting kind of carriers which consist into a soft outside shell with a rigid inner sleeve/support that can offer overall rigidity and retention.

Retention: open top carriers offer a faster access to the magazines, closed top carriers offer a higher level of security. Open top carriers are the most available on the market.




 
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